All about Diabetes Feet: Signs, Symptoms, Treatments, and Prevention

All about Diabetes Feet: Signs, Symptoms, Treatments, and Prevention

What are diabetes feet? Diabetes mellitus is a severe body condition caused by a high level of sugar blood as well as uncontrollable blood pressure. Although it is mostly related to the sugar blood level, the blood pressure and cholesterol also affect the condition. Therefore, diabetes is known also as a multi-organs complexity.

Since all of them attack your blood cells, the condition makes your blood damaged and it cannot function normally. Consequently, it also causes complications to organs or body parts where the blood flows. One of the complications is diabetes feet. Aside from the damaged blood, the diabetes feet condition is also getting worse because of the damaged nerves.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes Feet

The early stage diabetes feet is mostly not realized by patients. But generally, signs and symptoms of the complication refer to the signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus. They are the high blood sugar level, weak body, darkening skin color, and others. So, if you are experiencing those early signs of diabetes feet, make sure to contact your doctor for further checkups and treatments.

Aside from some signs mentioned above, patients may also feel some other symptoms. Those symptoms can be different from one to another anyway. They are that the feet feel numb, tingling, and a change of the feet shape. When there are diabetes feet sores and wounds, the patient also experiences fever, as well as the sugar blood level, which is uncontrollable. Although those signs and symptoms are experienced earlier, it is much better to find help as soon as possible. One of them is by going to the hospital for further treatments.

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How can diabetes mellitus cause diabetes feet?

After understanding the early signs of diabetes feet, you may wonder how this disease can turn into diabetes feet. Someone is said to have diabetes mellitus when the blood sugar level is high constantly and it cannot easily be back to the normal level. The body metabolism cannot work well so that the glucose or sugar cannot be distributed to cells and turned into energy. Consequently, the sugar is accumulated in the blood and damages it. Blood also loses its functions including the coagulation function to heal wounds.

After experiencing the early diabetes feet, the patient’s nerves also tend to damage. This way, he or she may lose its feet sensitivity. The patient cannot feel any trauma or problems in his or her feet. The blood vessels are damaged also as there are fat accumulations that block the bloodstream. The blockage causes pain and infection that is very difficult to heal.

Where to Consult to the Doctor

Just after finding some symptoms of diabetes mellitus, you must go to the doctor immediately to get the right treatments. You are recommended to always check the sugar blood level regularly before the condition is getting worse. Yes, diabetes feet are actually a severe condition in which the patient may need to undergo extreme treatments like an amputation. So, make sure you are never on that level.

But in case, this problem has happened to you, more than just knowing diabetes feet signs, you must also do some other actions. Be aware if you have been in some following conditions. They are changes of colors and temperatures on the feet skin, swollen skin, pain, and bruise. Make sure to prevent your feet from being wounded. For example, wearing comfortable footwear even at home. You should not also put a warming patch or a plaster on the feet area that can cause a blister.

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Treatments

But how if there has been a wound on your feet? Most diabetics find they have diabetes feet after they have been wounded anyway. So, the doctor may provide 2 types of treatments after seeing the signs of diabetes feet. They are surgical and non-surgical treatments. Surgical treatments include removing dead cells, amputation, Charcot feet stabilization, and blood vessel bypassing. The doctor or surgeon will choose one of them he or she thinks is the best for you. Commonly, the treatment is done by an endovascular surgeon.

When the wound is still not really worse, it is possible that the doctor only does the non-surgical treatment. After finding out the wound, blister, and other diabetes feet symptoms, the treatments to do are keeping the wound clean, dry, and covered well; providing immobilization tools to prevent feet from trauma; and tight observations to fingers.

Prevention

The worst case of diabetes feet is when you must lose a part of your body because of it. Although it is only one of your fingers, you must not want such a thing to happen to you. Therefore, the best thing to do is doing some prevention. Not only is it to prevent diabetes feet but also diabetes mellitus in general. So, what should you do to avoid this chronic disease from being experienced?

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Well, learning about symptoms of diabetes feet is very important but more than that, you must apply it in your daily life. First of all, you must control your sugar blood level as well as check it regularly. Particularly if there is a history of a family member with diabetes mellitus, you must be more aware of your own condition. Second, control your daily consumption. Sweet foods like cakes, ice cream, shakes, and the likes are indeed delicious and addictive. But too much consuming them means killing yourself in the end. More than that, those types of foods give you other health problems including obesity.

Third, rather than consuming foods with too much sugar, why don’t you choose the more nutritious ones? Eating them with much fiber is effective to prevent yourself from diabetes including vegetables, fruits, and seeds. Fourth, exercises regularly must also not be forgotten. Physical activities also let your body turn sugar into energy. Lastly, if you have diabetes mellitus, try to always avoid diabetes feet blisters. They are by wearing comfortable and fit footwear, keeping your environment clean, and more.

Diabetes feet sounds scary indeed but it is not something you cannot prevent. So, why don’t you change your lifestyle to a better one starting from now?

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