All You Need to Know About Diabetic Foot

All You Need to Know About Diabetic Foot

Diabetes is a chronic illness that can cause many serious complications, one of them is diabetes foot or also known diabetic ulcer. Diabetic feet are as serious as diabetic themselves. It is important to know anything about this disease so that you can do your best to keep yourself away from it. Below is anything you need to know about diabetic ulcers.

Causes of Diabetic Feet

As the name implies, diabetes foot complications are a complication on diabetics’ feet caused by uncontrolled high blood sugar level or also known as hyperglycemia. This complication is usually in the form of diabetic ulcer or wounds due to infection or damage to skin tissue on diabetics’ feet. When your blood sugar level is too high, you are at a higher risk of experiencing nerve damages or also known as diabetic neuropathy.

According to National Institute of Diabetes, when diabetic neuropathy happens, diabetics cannot feel pain or strange sensation when their foot is injured or also known diabetes feet numb. This is why patients with diabetes do not realize there is a wound on their foot until the wound becomes worse because it is not treated. At the same time, damaged blood vessels on the feet are unable to flow nutrient-rich and oxygen-rich blood smoothly.

On the other hand, bloods that are rich in oxygen and nutrients are extremely important for the wound healing process. This is worsened by a weak immune system so that the infection is getting worse. This could lead to diabetes food swelling. Without good blood flow, the wound on diabetics’ feet is difficult to heal or may not heal at all. Gradually, the wound will turn into diabetic ulcer or infected ulcers, and eventually lead to tissue death or gangrene.

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Severe diabetic ulcer can cause permanent foot disability. In most cases, severe infections must be treated with leg amputation to stop the infection from spreading to other areas of the body. Moreover, those with diabetic feet are prone to tingling. They find it hard to move their feet due to damage to the nerves of the feet.

Diabetic Feet Disorders

Diabetic foot issues can be characterized by damage or death of tissue in the feet due to a variety of factors, including skin irritation, infection, and nerve problems in the feet. According to American Diabetes Association, diabetics may experience these conditions of diabetic ulcers and diabetic feet disorders.

∙        Fungal Infection

Fungal infections on diabetics’ feet are usually caused by candida albicans. This fungus can attack parts of the skin that are moist, lack air circulation, and are not exposed to sunlight. This fungal infection causes itching and redness on the surface of the feet. Further, this condition leads to diabetic ulcers. The most common fungal infection is foot’s athlete or also known as water fleas.

∙        Ulcers

Ulcers are open wounds on the feet due to diabetes foot. This condition will take a very long time for the wound to close and heal. Since the wound is open, bacteria and germs can infect it. Therefore, it is important to treat the wound as soon as possible. When infections happen, ulcers can get worse and turn into diabetic ulcers that are characterized by smelly liquid and odor from the feet.

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So, if you are suffering from this condition, it is extremely important to immediately go to a diabetes foot doctor to get proper medical treatment.

∙        Hammertoes

Hammertoes are a problem that causes the toes looking bent downwards. This condition happens because of weakened muscles and shortened tendons. The same thing can cause the big toe that curves towards the second toe. This condition is called a bunion. This diabetic foot disorder causes pain so that patients with diabetes find it difficult to walk.

∙        Dry and Cracked Skin

Dry and cracked skin is one of the diabetes foot pain symptoms. Diabetic neuropathy can make the skin on the feet dry. It may not look severe or dangerous. dry skin can cause cracks that may become diabetic wounds. Eventually, it leads to diabetic ulcers that are hard to heal.

∙        Callous

Callous is a diabetes foot disorder that causes skin accumulation that eventually hardens. This disorder usually appears around the heel or sole of the foot. The process of skin accumulation will occur more quickly in diabetics. Callousness in diabetics is usually triggered by footwear that does not match the shape of the feet that have changed due to hammertoes. Though it is extremely uncomfortable, diabetics are not suggested to remove callus because it can bleed and lead to diabetic ulcers.

∙        Charcot’s Foot

Nerve damage due to diabetic neuropathy can cause changes in the shape of the foot or Charcot’s foot. This symptom of diabetic feet is initially characterized by inflammation, redness, and swelling. As leg swelling gets bigger, diabetics usually start to feel pain until the bones in the swollen leg shift and crack. This condition often affects the top of the foot near the ankle. The shift and fracture of the bones causes the upper leg to become curved.

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Immediately contact diabetes foot doctor near me if you find yourself in this condition.

How to Prevent Diabetic Feet

Below are the ways that diabetics can prevent wounds that can develop into diabetic ulcers.

∙        Choose Shoes According to Your Activities

Always wear a proper pair of shoes according to the activity you are about to do. For example, make sure you are putting on running shoes when you are about to jog. Using proper shoes allow the blood to smoothly flow to your feet during activities. Vice versa, putting on improper shoes can put you at risk of injury. Also, make sure the shoes you put on perfectly fit your feet so that it will not cause calluses that can lead to diabetic ulcers.

∙        Regularly Check Your Feet Condition

Make sure you check your feet condition before and after you are doing your activities. As it is said before, diabetics tend not to feel strange sensation when their feet are injured. Moreover, always cleanly wash your feet and immediately dry them to keep them clean and prevent diabetes foot.

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